Arabica vs Robusta coffee

2020年5月25日
KawePale Palarnia Kawy | [object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object] , 2020-05-25T14:28:13.000Z

What counts the most for true coffee gourmets is a distinctive, deep taste and aroma. We can distinguish Arabica and Robusta among the most popular types of coffee. However, each coffee is different in terms of taste, fragrance or caffeine content. What are the most important differences between Arabica and Robusta?

Arabica

Arabica coffee, or the famous “coffea arabica” (Latin) is by far the most popular and noblest coffee, accounting for 70% of all world crops. This variety comes from Africa, where it is grown on fertile soils around the mountains. Its quality and aroma depend on the region it comes from, altitude or cultivation method. There are many varieties of Arabica available on the market, hence enthusiasts and true coffee connoisseurs have a lot to choose from.

Arabica coffee has won the hearts of consumers and is now the most chosen coffee in the world. It is distinguished by a mild taste, which sometimes leaves a sweet aftertaste. It contains about 1.2% caffeine, so it gently stimulates action. Arabica contains more oils (16%) than Robusta (10%). On average, Robusta has more acidity than Arabica.

The beans of this coffee are slightly oblong with the S-shaped furrow going through the middle. The main difference between the said Arabica and Robusta is also its price. Due to the laborious and complicated method of cultivation and the smaller amount of crops obtained from harvest, Arabica is definitely more expensive than Robusta.

arabica vs robusta kawepale

Robusta coffee

This type of coffee is less known, but right now, it is gaining popularity. Robusta comes from Africa, is grown on less demanding soil in lowland plantations. It is considered  to be a less noble variety, with a more pungent and bitter taste than Arabica. Robusta is also sometimes called Congolese coffee.

Thanks to the higher content of caffeine in the grain (about 2.5%), Robusta has become a plant resistant to weather conditions and harmful effects of parasites. This species is easier to grow. Robusta trees sometimes reach up to 10 m in height and give a very high yield compared to Arabica coffee, which affects the lower price of Congolese coffee.

The difference between these two types of coffee can also be seen in the structure of their beans. Robusta beans are smaller and rounder and have a straight furrow.

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咖啡是咖啡樹叢中的果實。起初,這種灌木只在非洲生長,然後蔓延到世界各地。咖啡的種植 – 發生在所謂的“咖啡帶”中,位於北迴歸線和北迴歸線之間的數十個國家。適度的恆溫,充足的陽光,肥沃的土壤和適量的咖啡種植園,所有這些都轉化為最終效果,即咖啡的味道和香氣。作物的高度非常重要,海拔高於種植園,咖啡獲得的果實越多,味道變得越來越樸實,平淡無奇。完美的阿拉比卡咖啡生長在海拔800-1200米以上。世界咖啡生產的領導者是巴西,由於有超過30萬個種植園,每年生產近250萬噸咖啡。它是世界產量的1/3。目前,越來越多的人關注負責任的農業,天然肥料和適當的工作條件。如果你真的想要它,也許你可以在家裡種一棵咖啡樹,但如果它們出現,你應該等待至少三到四年的水果。

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